Glossary

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Access and Equity: Policies and approaches aimed at ensuring vocational education and training is responsive to the individual needs of clients whose age, gender, cultural or ethnic background, disability, sexuality, language, literacy or numeracy level, unemployment, imprisonment or remote location may present a barrier to access, participation and the achievement of suitable outcomes. Access and equity does not mean an RTO has to accept anyone as a client.

Analog: Is a type of signal which works by transmitting sounds and pictures as a continuous wave. Analog technology is out of date and is being replaced worldwide by digital.
 
Accreditation: The formal recognition of a course by the state or territory course accrediting body 
 
Apprenticeship: A system of training regulated by law or custom which combines on-the-job training and work experience while in paid employment with formal off-the-job training. The apprentice enters into a contract of training or training agreement with an employer, which imposes mutual obligations on both parties. Traditionally, apprenticeships were in trade occupations (declared vocations) and were of four years’ duration. 
 
Assessment: The process of collecting evidence and making judgements about whether a person has the required knowledge and has achieved an appropriate level of competency in order to confirm the person can perform to the standard expected in the workplace, as specified by the relevant industry or enterprise competency standards provided in a Training Package or by the learning outcomes of an accredited course.
 
Assessment Guidelines: The endorsed component of a Training Package that underpins assessment and sets out the industry approach to valid, reliable, flexible and fair assessment.
 
Assessment Materials: Optional component of Training Packages that complement endorsed industry assessment guidelines and could take the form of assessment exemplars or specific assessment tasks and instructions. 
 
Assessment Tools: The instrument(s) and procedures used to gather and interpret evidence of competence:
a)      Instrument – the specific questions or activity used to assess competence by the assessment method selected. An assessment instrument may be supported by a profile of acceptable performance and the decision-making rules or guidelines to be used by assessors.
b)      Procedures – the information or instructions given to the candidate and the assessor about the way the assessment is to be conducted and recorded. 
 
Assessor: A person qualified to carry out assessment.
 
Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA): Commonwealth regulatory authority responsible for broadcasting, radiocommunications, telecommunications and online content, formed on 1 July 2005 from a merger of the ABA and the ACA.
 
Australian Digital Television Industry Association (ADTIA): The ADTIA was established as an industry association to promote best practice within the digital television sector by way of training and quality assurance.
 
Australian Industry Group (AIG): An independent body created by the merger of the Metal Trades Industry Association of Australia and the Australian Chamber of Manufactures, representing about 11,500 companies. 
 
Australian Qualifications Framework: The policy framework that defines all qualifications recognised nationally in post-compulsory education and training in Australia. The AQF comprises titles and guidelines that define each qualification, as well as the principles and protocols covering cross-sectoral qualification linkages and the issuing of qualifications and statements of attainment.

Australian Quality Training Framework (AQTF): The nationally agreed quality arrangements for the VET system agreed to by the National Quality Council and approved by all the states and territories at the Ministerial Council for Vocational and Technical Education. The AQTF (2007) comprises:
a)      Essential Standards for Registration.
b)      Criteria for recognition of excellence. 
 
Australian Telecommunications User Group (ATUG): Telecommunications user organization that provides advice and information to members and represents their views to government, regulators and carriers.
 
Australian Vocational Education and Training Management Information Statistical Standard (AVETMISS): The agreed national data standard for the collection, analysis and reporting of vocational education and training information in Australia. 
 
Cabling Advisory Group (CAG): Made up of industry representatives, including the regulator, that meet to discuss issues of common concern such as technical standards for Australia. 
 
Cabling on line (COL): Online directory with a searchable database of products, services and information for the Cabling industry
 
Cadetship: An employment arrangement in which an employer undertakes to subsidise an employee ’s formal training leading to certain qualifications, and in which the employee is usually required to remain with the employer for a specified period after completion of training. 
 
CEDA: Committee for Economic Development of Australia
 
Communications Alliance: Industry body responsible for developing standards, codes of practice and service specifications.

Competency: (also competence) The ability to perform tasks and duties to the standard expected in employment. 
 
Competency-based Assessment (CBA): The gathering and judging of evidence in order to decide whether a person has achieved a standard of competence. 
 
Competency-based Training (CBT): Training which develops the skills, knowledge and attitudes required to achieve competency standards. 
 
Competency Standard: An industry-determined specification of performance, which sets out the skills, knowledge and attitudes, required to operate effectively in employment. Competency standards are made up of units of competency, which are themselves made up of elements of competency, together with performance criteria, a range of variables, and an evidence guide. Competency standards are an endorsed component of a training package. 
 
Contextualisation: The addition of industry or enterprise specific information to a unit of competency to improve the standards relevance to industry. 
 
Credit Transfer: A process that assesses how the formal learning program, learning outcomes and assessments of one course (i.e. the ‘initial course’ and the knowledge and skills gained by completing it) relate to the learning requirements of another course (the ‘destination course’).

Customisation: Tailoring to individual requirements, (in vocational education and training) the process of tailoring a program to meet the specific needs of clients. Customised qualifications are devised by Registered Training Organisations, created through combining competency standards drawn from two or more different endorsed Training Packages to create a new qualification outcome. 
 
Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy (DBCDE): Provides program support to the Australian government on information technology and communications portfolio issues.
 
Digital Switchover: Is the point at which the analog signal is switched off in a region and replaced by digital signals only.
 
E-Telit: Email newsletter sent by TITAB
 
Evidence Guide: The part of a competency standard which provides a guide to the interpretation and assessment of the unit of competency, including the aspects which need to be emphasised in assessment, relationships to other units, and the required evidence of competency.
 
Fee-For-Service Training: Training for which most or all of the cost is borne by the student or a person or organisation on behalf of the student.
 
FttH: Fibre-to-the-Home
 
FttN: Fibre-to-the-Neighbourhood
 
FttP: Fibre-to-the-Premises (both home and business)
 
Flexible Delivery: A range of approaches to providing education and training, giving learners greater choice of when, where and how they learn. Flexible delivery may involve distance education, mixed-mode delivery, online education, self-paced learning, self-directed learning, etc. 
 
Full High Definition: Is an enhancement of digital TV which refers to the highest quality pictures available. It is sometimes shown as 1080i or 1080p, which refers to screen resolution.
 
Group Training Company: A company which employs apprentices and trainees, and places them with one or more host employers who are usually small to medium-sized businesses. The host employers provide on-the-job training and experience, while the group training company organises off-the-job training, and handles recruitment, rotation and payroll. 
 
High Definition: Is an enhancement of Digital TV which refers to the quality of picture. High Definition is sometimes shown as 720p, which refers to screen resolution.
 
HTML: Hypertext Mark-Up Language
 
HTTP: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
 
Innovation & Business Skills Australia (IBSA): Industry skills council for Telecommunications, Information Technology, Business Services etc. 
 
Integrated Digital Television (iDTV): Is a television with an in-built digital tuner for receiving free to air digital television transmissions.
 
National Broadband Network (NBN): Will deliver superfast broadband to Australian homes and workplaces. They are committed to initiatives that enhance broadband services for remote areas and Indigenous communities.
 
National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER): A national research, evaluation and information organisation for the vocational education and training (VET) sector in Australia, jointly owned by the Australian Government, state and territory ministers responsible for vocational education and training. 
 
Nationally Recognised Training logo: Is the approved logo used to signify that training and assessment products and services meet the requirements agreed under the National Training Framework. 
 
National Training Information Service (NTIS): An online database (at http://www.ntis.gov.au/ ) The national register for recording information about RTOs, Training Packages and accredited courses.


Recognition Of Current Competencies (RCC): Applies if a person has previously successfully completed the requirements for a unit of competency or module and is now required ( for example, by a licensing authority) to be reassessed to ensure that the competence is being maintained. In this case no extra skills or competencies are nationally recognised. An unsuccessful recognition of current competency assessment does not invalidate the previous competent assessment outcome.
 
Recognition Of Prior Learning (RPL): An assessment process that assesses a person’s non-formal and informal learning (regardless of how, when or where the learning occurred) to determine the extent to which the person has already achieved the required learning outcomes or competency standards of an AQF qualification. RPL may be used by a person to obtain entry to a qualification, or full or partial completion of a qualification. The decision to recognise prior learning must be made by a suitably qualified assessor who
determines:
a) the appropriate evidence required to support a claim for RPL, and
b)  the extent to which the person’s informal and non-formal learning is equivalent to the learning outcomes and performance criteria of the qualification into which the person is seeking entry or for which they are seeking credit.

Reframing The Future: A staff development project aimed at helping trainers, teachers, and people in industry to understand and use training packages, the Australian Quality Training Framework, Australian Apprenticeships, user choice and other major vocational education and training initiatives. 
 
Registered Training Organisation (RTO): A training organisation registered by a state or territory registering body in accordance with the Essential Standards for Registration and Conditions of Registration , within a defined scope of registration. Includes TAFE colleges and institutes, adult and community education providers, private providers, community organisations, schools, higher education institutions, commercial and enterprise training providers, industry bodies and other organisations meeting the registration requirements.
 
Scope Of Registration: The particular services and products an RTO is registered to provide. The RTO’s scope defines the specific AQF qualifications, units of competency and accredited courses it is registered to provide and whether it is registered to provide:
a)      both training delivery and assessment services, and to issue the relevant AQF qualifications and statements of attainment, or
b)      only assessment services, and to issue AQF qualifications and statements of attainment.

Set top box: Is a device which allows an analog TV to receive and show digital content.
 
Standards Australia (SA): Is charged by the Commonwealth Government to meet Australia’s need for contemporary, internationally aligned Standards and related services.
 
Statement of Attainment: Formal certification in the VET sector by an RTO that a person has achieved:
a)      part of an AQF qualification, or
b)      one or more units of competency from a nationally endorsed Training Package, or
c)      all the units of competency or modules comprising an accredited short course (i.e. an accredited course that does not meet the requirements for a full AQF qualification). 
 
State Training Authority (STA): Also called state/territory training authority the body in each state or territory responsible for the operation of the vocational education and training system within that jurisdiction. Each state or territory training authority participates in the formulation of national policy, planning and objectives, and promotes and implements the agreed policies and priorities within the state or territory. 
 
TELIT: Hardcopy newsletter produced by TITAB twice a year.
 
Telecommunications Cabling Advice (TCA1) form: Cablers must complete this form at the completion of each cabling task.
 
Telecommunications Cabling Advice (TCA2) form: This form enables cablers to alert the customer of any non-compliant cable installations outside of the contracted scope of work
 
TITAB: ACMA accredited registrar, set up to provide the telecommunications industry with its own non-profit registry service.

Trainee: A person receiving training or undertaking a traineeship. See also Australian Apprenticeships 
 
Traineeship: A system of vocational training combining off-the-job training at an approved training provider with on-the-job training and practical work experience. Traineeships generally take one to two years and are now a part of the Australian Apprenticeships system. 
 
VCAL: Victorian Certificate of Applied Learning.
 
VET in Schools: Allows school students to combine vocational studies with their general education curriculum. Students participating in VET in Schools continue to work towards their secondary school certificate. The VET component of their studies gives them credit towards a nationally recognised VET qualification. In this way, participants can keep their options open to pursue further full-time or part-time vocational training or to move into tertiary studies after school. 
 
VoIP: Voice over Internet Protocol
 
Vocational Education and Training (VET): Post-compulsory education and training, excluding degree and higher level programs delivered by higher education institutions, which provides people with occupational or work-related knowledge and skills. VET also includes programs, which provide the basis for subsequent vocational programs. 
 
VRQA: Victorian Registration Qualifications Authority. State accreditation and registration body of Victoria.